The Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) has confirmed three horses tested positive for West Nile Virus (WNV) in western Nevada in the last two weeks. All three horses were not vaccinated.
“Vaccination is the best protection horse owners have for their animals,” Dr. JJ Goicoechea, the NDA’s state veterinarian, said. “With the increased numbers of mosquitoes this year, it’s important all horse owners take this precaution to prevent the spread of disease.”
Arboviral diseases like WNV are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes, ticks, sand flies or midges. Every year, the NDA closely monitors several arboviral diseases to protect public health and safety and the agriculture industry. In addition to WNV, the Animal Disease Laboratory at the NDA tests for two other prevalent arboviral diseases: Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLE) and Western Equine Encephalitis Virus (WEE). Although these diseases cannot be transmitted from a horse, all three can cause severe illness and death both in horses and humans.
“Vaccinations, in conjunction with practices that reduce exposure to mosquitos, are very effective in protecting horses from WNV,” Dr. Goicoechea said. “It’s not too late to prevent the spread of disease.”
WNV has been prevalent in Nevada since 2004 while SLE and WEE have been widespread in the western United States for decades. Since the Aedes aegypti mosquito has been found in southern Nevada this year, the laboratory also monitors and tests for Zika Virus.
All Nevada residents should take precautions such as eliminating mosquito-breeding sites around houses and barns, using insect repellents to fight the bite and keeping horses vaccinated against WNV, SLE and WEE.